Essay of perfect and non-perfect actions in Kalimni

We already worked with the theoretical base of actions in Egyptian Kalimni and it means that we can work with the first two tenses of Kalimni and they are past and present. The past tense in Egyptian Kalimni has close repast tense in Egyptian Kalimni has close relations with the Present but it is normal to decide present as primary for constructing other two tenses, bi-imperfect and perfect tenses.

Let’s look onto the Past tense; for example, verb [‘amil], to work and its Past forms are [‘amilt] for “I” and [‘amilna] for “we” and [‘amilt] for “masculine you” and [amilti] for “feminine you” and {‘amiltu} for “plural” you and [‘amil] for “he” and [‘amilit] for “she” and {‘amilu} for [plural they].

The examples above are shown the suffixes those are connected with the verb and those suffixes are very important for actions in the past because there are a difference between examples and they are different suffixes.

Also, we work with the present tense in Egyptian Arabic and it is very important because it helps to form phrases in this tense. It isn’t very hard and requires only careful use in talking. At first, we work with actions in the moment in the present tense and we can use this tense for actions with slight difference from the current moment of time and this tense is close to idea  of continuous tense in English but it is used in other way.

We already examine verbs endings in the Past tense and this examination gives ideas about endings of present verbs. Let’s start from “I” once more and its part is precede word, like [akitab], it is “I write”. Then, for “masculine you”, it is [ti] and for “we”, it is [ni]. For “feminine you” it is [ti] and there is suffix  [u] and prefix [ti] and it looks like [tiktibu] for the verb [kitab]. This excerption is single and farther, for “he” is [yi] and for “she”, it is {ti} and the last one is “they” and its prefix {yi}.

Well, we finish our work with both of the tenses the present and past tenses in Egyptian Arabic. So, we can make our point of view on Kalimni tenses but it isn’t important because Kalimni isn’t ordinary and it is own history of developing.

Also, there are other two tenses in Egyptian and they are named as bi-imperfect and ha-impefect and the observe present tense is closer to “must be” than real present. Well, bi-imperfect is the analogue to the real present tense and example is [huwna biyiktb]. As we see, [be] is a prefix before the verb and it doesn’t change internal prefix of “must be” – tense. Situation with ha – imperfect is the same but {bi} is changed onto {ha} and the same “must be” verb is used. Example is {huwwa haycktb} “he will write”. We see that ha-imperfect is used for actions in future and it is very useful tense in Egyptian.

We already finish our work with the four unusual tenses in Egyptian and the given endings can be used for farther work with Egyptian Kalimni and the tenses there require attention but not long studying.

We will work with rest of Egyptian grammar and some special moments which are used there because they formed constructions for using and understanding. Those moments will be observed on the base of existed knowledge of Egyptian Arabic and they are very simple for using.

  • This article was written by Duchanin Ilya.

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