We already worked with different verbs in the previous articles and we can start to work with them closely because we have to know about different ways of their using. So, let’s start to work with commands in Kalimni. We know that it is very useful in English and the home of orders is very simple there. If we make looking onto them, we will find that commands “go!” and put!“ deliver subsequent meanings. Every English verb can be in its order form and it names “imperative” but this term is used in English but has other name in Kalimni with the same meaning.
So orders and commands are used in Kalimni and it is normal to use them if situation is appropriative. But we must remember that commands are non-polite form of verbs, so they require careful using and understanding of politeness because of your grammar of Kalimni is good but you aren’t polite to Egyptians, it won’t give positive results of conversations and they will be bad.
Well, we stop our talk onto commands and let’s look onto them from grammar point of view. As in other languages, the commands are simpler than ordinary verbs and it is confirmed by Kalimni. It delivers an idea of orders.
We cancel without any example that the idea is very simple and it must have subsequent form. Let’s look onto example of “a verb to write” and its order form is “write!” “Iktib!” and it is form for “write!” As we see, the simple verb gives order’s form the same as a traditional verb and it confirms the idea of simple forms for order’s. Also, there two forms of orders in Kalimni, “iktib!” is a direct form and other form is indirect, both of the mare close one to other and differences is in level of politeness. The indirect orders are more polite than direct but there are close related meanings.
Well, we fish the theme of commands but it is only beginning of the theme about verbs in Kalimni because let’s look onto direct imperfect tense!
We finished work with theoretical base and now, we start our work with past and present tenses, as they can be named so. Theory of these two tenses is important and it is more important than careful compares on with English because Kalimni tenses haven’t any equivalents in English.
The main idea of the Egyptian tenses is that completeness of actions is important. It’s equal for perfect and imperfect (actually existed) status is solved as primary and it is more important than action, as it is. We don’t look onto duration of the action but fact of action’s finishing is primary.
The same moments can be important in English but status of doing and its continuous or finished status in comparison with other actions is primary as a part of actions sequence. It isn’t existed in Egyptian and there are primary is idea of finished and continuous or existed in future status. We gave theoretical base of actions in Egyptian and will work with them farther.
- History of Egypt in Kalimni (Egyptian dialect) / تاریخ مصر
- The story about the horses in Farsi/اسب و
- Story about mam / داستان در باره مرد
- Money for the pharaoh from ancient Egypt / مال لفرعن من مصر القدیمة
- The Pyramids in the Egypt /الاهرام في مصر
- This article was written by Duchanin Ilya.