Urdu dialects and languages

This article gives a line of Urdu and Dari dialects which are in modern Afghanistan.  Big differences between dialects and languages is that the dialects are local and languages can be on some areas. Of course, local dialects aren’t distributed on large areas too, they are dialects of some turn and places and the languages are possessed to some wide areas, in comparison with the dialects.

1478612973oqPxzThe dialects of Afghanistan are been close to Dari and Urdu because they are Afgani languages. The Afgani languages are close to Urdu and Dari too with a little bit much changing and exceptions.

The dialects and Afgani languages are close one another as ideas but a difference is in areas of spreading.

For example, the Balochi language is Western Persian and it spreads in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Amount of speaker is 7.6 million (2007). Its alphabet close to Urdu’s and it looks like borrowed and this language has Latin alphabet that delivers language’s sounds.

The Hazaragi dialect of Persian is wide spread (around 2 mln speakers) more than the Askunu language (40.000 speakers in 2011). But these examples show that Ideas of dialect and languages can’t be used on the example of Afghanistan and main trait is changing in a base language. Wikipedia shows  that these two ideas are very close one another (for the example of Afghanistan).

So, an analyze  of the Afgani languages is shown below, they are,

  • Nuristani languages.
  • Iranian languages.
  • Aryan languages.

These three big groups of languages are been in the modern Afghanistan. The farther articles will show concrete details of them.

The Nuristani group of languages is existed in eastern Afghanistan along different rivers and in their valleys.

Group’s languages are,

  • Askunu – 40.000 speskers.
  • Kamkata-viri – 40.000.
  • Waigali – 12.000.
  • Vasi-Vari – 8.000.
  • Tregami – 3.000.
  • Zemiaki (500 speakers, a part of Grangali, according to Grjunberg , 1999)

As it is shown, the full number of speakers is 103.500 people. According to population of Afghanistan, it is 0.4%.

Next article shows areas of distribution of those Nushistani languages and shows many other moments.

Resources, Wikipedia.

This article was written by Ilya Duchanin.

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