Pronouns of Egyptian

Egypt language has three different classes of personal pronouns. There are suffix, independent and dependent pronouns, which can be a number of verbal endings, added to the infinitive to the stative form and are noted by some linguists as a «fourth» set of personal pronouns. They bear close similarity to their Semitic languages. Look on the follow table, where personal pronouns with singular and plural groups are shown:

Suffix Dependent Independent
1st sg. -ı͗ wı͗ ı͗nk
2nd sg. m. -k tw ntk
2nd sg. f. -t tn ntt
3rd sg. m. -f sw ntf
3rd sg. f. -s sy nts
1st pl. -n n ı͗nn
2nd pl. -tn tn nttn
3rd pl. -sn sn ntsn

The table of demonstrative pronouns with feminine and masculine and feminine singular forms and common plural forms for both genders:

Mas. Fem. Plu. Meaning
pn tn nn this, that, these, those
pf tf nf that, those
pw tw nw this, that, these, those (archaic)
pꜣ tꜣ nꜣ this, that, these, those (colloquial [earlier] & Late Egyptian)

Finally are interrogative pronouns. They bear a close similarity to their Semitic languages:

Pronoun Meaning Dependency
mı͗ who / what Dependent
ptr who / what Independent
iḫ what Dependent
ı͗šst what Independent
zı͗ which Independent & Dependent


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This article was written by Duchanin Mary.

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