Moroccans Arabic is the last language on the line of seashores of Mediterranean Sea. This language had close contacts with southern European countries. This dialect of Arabic assembled many traits of Spain and Italian and other languages. Its consonants help in the task of forming consonant table of Algerian.
At first, there is a necessity to compare Libyan and Moroccan, because Algerian is placed between them. The consonant table is shown below.
This table gives consonants for forming table. The Libyan table was shown in the previous article. Both of the tables have similar sounds and the comparison is made for the base of the Algerian sounds from the previous article. It is made “sound by sound”. It is formed for groups of sounds gives a result that there isn’t Interdental group which has three consonants in Libyan Arabic.
The line of Algerian sounds was shown early, the sounds explanation is shown below. First shown sound in table below is Algerian, second is Morocanian and the last is Libyan.
|b||b||b||Nasal – Labial (both lang.)|
|p||p||—||voiceless Plosive – plain Labial (Moroccan)|
|t||t||t||voiceless Stop – plain Dental/Alveolar (both)|
|dʒ||dʒ (ʒ)||dʒ (ʒ)||voiced Fricative – Palatal (both)|
|ħ||ħ||ħ||voiceless Fricative – Pharyngeal (both)|
|χ||χ||χ||voiceless Fricative – Uvular (both)|
|d||d||d||plain D-A – voiced Plosive (both)|
|r||r||r||plain D-A – Trill Lib./Tap Mor. (both)|
|z||z||z||plain D-A – voiced Fricative (both)|
|s||s||s||plain D-A – voiceless Fricative (both)|
|ʃ||ʃ||ʃ||Palatal – voiceless Fricative (both)|
|sˤ||sˤ||sˤ||emphatic D-A – voiceless Fricative (both)|
|dˤ||dˤ||dˤ||emphatic D-A – voiced Stop (both)|
|tˤ||tˤ||tˤ||emphatic D-A – voiceless Stop (both)|
|ʕ||ʕ||ʕ||Faryngeal – voiced Fricative (both)|
|ʁ||ʁ||ʁ||Uvular — voiced Fircative (both)|
|f||f||f||plain (Mor.)\- (Lib.) Labial – voiceless Fricative (both)|
|v||v||v||Labial – voiced Fricative (both)|
|q||q||q||Uvular – voiceless Stop (both)|
|ɡ||ɡ||ɡ||Velar – voiced Stop (both)|
|k||k||k||Velar – voiceless Stop (both)|
|l||l||l||plain D-A – Approximant (both)|
|m||m||m||Nasal – Labial (both)|
|n||n||n||plain D-A – Nasal (both)|
|h||h||h||Glottal – voiceless Fricative (both)|
|w||w||w||Velar – Approximant (both)|
|j||j||j||Palatal – Appximant (both)|
Moroccan sounds show that this language has all of the Algerian sounds. So, the table of the sounds is formed. Algerian sounds are shown below.
The orange colored sounds are Algerian and they are shown on the Moroccan sounds. Algerian doesn’t have the main part of Moroccan emphatic sounds and a Glottal – voiceless Stop “ʕ”. The surrounded languages have these emphatic groups and the sound “ʕ”. Libyan also has the same emphatic phonemes and “ʕ” too. By this way, Algerian is closer to Classical Arabic than to Moroccan.
Conclusion of Moroccan and Algerian are similar to the conclusion of analyze of Libyan and Tunisian because all of these languages are Maghrebi. The voiceless Fricative sounds are the main part of all Maghrebi languages and the Fricative group formed their sounds.
This article was written by Ilya Duchanin.