Welsh and Wales

Welsh is a language of Britain. It belongs to Celtic subfamily of Indo-European family of languages. Welsh language spreads on the west part of Britain and it isn’t similar to English. This language has any other sounds unlike English. Welsh language has its own grammar rules like canonical order (verb-subject-object) of words in sentences.

The discovering of the Welsh history is a next step!  Celtic Britons formed first stage of language’s development, they created Celtic group of languages in Bronze Age or Iron Age. They brought it to British peninsula and this protolanguage used over the peninsula. The next stage was fragmenting of this language onto some dialects of Britain like: English, Welsh and so on.

Welsh’s history has four periods; Primitive Welsh had been the first. The next period was Old Welsh and it had lasted from the 9th century to the 12th century. After that period, Middle Welsh was to occur from then to 14th. The last stage is Modern Welsh and we can be familiar with it now.

Something except the Welsh language won’t be shown here because Welsh dialects is the another way but the brief observation is shown here

The consonants of Modern Welsh are shown below.

Labial Dental Alveolar Posr-


Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m, m̥ n̥, n ŋ̊, ŋ
Plosive p, b t, d k, g
Affricate (t͡ʃ), (d͡ʒ)
Fricative f, v θ, ð s, (z), ɬ ʃ χ h
Trill r̥, r
Approxim. l (ç), j w

English sounds,

Labial Dental Alveolar Post — alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop (Plosive) p, b t, d k, g
Affricative tʃ, tʒ
Fricative f, v θ, ð s, z ʃ, ʒ h
Approximant l ɹ j w

As it is shown here, there are some sounds in Welsh, which don’t exist in English. Altogether, these two languages are similar one another but this similarities is been very sketchy because the two languages have different in their ways of developing histories.

The necessity of the comparison English and Welsh but it will be done, the more complexity of Welsh will be shown. Welsh is a variant of English, and their historical ways of the development suggest those languages were evolved by the parallel ways.

The fricative sounds are dominant trait in Welsh language, which has 33% of those sounds. The next two main groups of sounds are plosive and nasal.  Maybe, it was to common trait with English that it shows the unified basics of history of two different places.

This article was written by  Ilya Duchanin.

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