One of the modern Scandinavian languages and modern English

Norwegian is the next language for comparing with English. Why is it here in the comparison? Vikings made some big influence onto both of the English culture and the language.

So there is a strong necessity of comparing modern Norwegian language and modern English. Sounds of Urban East Norwegian are shown in the table below language.

Labial Dental – Alveolar Palato — Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɳ ŋ
Stop p, b t, d ʈ ɖ k, g
Fricative f s ʃ ʂ ç h
Approximant ʋ l ɭ l
Tap r

At first, according to the plan, there is shown the table of English sounds and a result is a comparison both of the languages.

Labial Dental Alveolar Post — alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p, b t, d k, g
Affricative tʃ, tʒ
Fricative f, v θ, ð s, z ʃ, ʒ h
Approximant l ɹ j w

Sounds which are shown in the next table is the sounds which doesn’t been existed in modern English, They are explained below.

Labial Dental Alveolar Post — alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal
Stop
Affricative tʃ, tʒ
Fricative v θ, ð z ʃ, ʒ
Approximant ɹ j w

 

Conclusion is that the modern Norwegian language is less similar to English than French and Dutch.

Consonants of the Swedish language are similar to the consonants of the Norwegian language. That difference of Swedish, Norwegian and Danish is because of North Germanic group.

The series of the English sounds “θ, ð, tʃ, tʒ and ɹ”is been the result of that brief analysis. But where did those sounds came from? This question will be answered in the next article about the English sounds.

This article was written by Ilya Duchanin.

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