According Kurgan hypothesis, European languages came from Pontic-Kaspian region. Cultures of this region formed Kurgan culture from the 6th to the late 4th millennium BC. Kurgan is a composite culture and it consisted from many other cultures like,
Vessel with incised decoration
Hoe made of horn
- Bug-Dniester culture (6th millennium BC)
- Samara culture and Dniepr-Dones (5th – 4th millennium BC)
- Khvalynsk and Sredny Stog cultures (5th – middle 4th millennium BC)
- Maikop-Dereivka (mid 4th – mid 3rd millennium BC)
- Yamna (Pit Grave) (mid 4th – 3rd millennium BC)
- Usatovo culture (late 4th millennium)
As we can see, there are many similarities between vessel’s ornaments and the forms of pots. It is cause to say that all of these examples are from hypothesis’s Kurgan culture and this culture spreaded on the big area from Ukraine to Kaspian steppe.
Kurgan culture was formed from 6th to 3rd millennium BC on the big area and the migration to the western-northern areas formed “kurganized” cultures like Globular Amphora culture of Western Europe in 3rd millennium BC.
The nest was migrations and spreads of this “kurganized” culture throughout the Pontic-Caspian steppe and into Eastern Europe. This moving of nomadic tribes formed all European languages or had straight influence onto them. Migrations of Indo-European tribes from 7th to 5th millennium BC are showed on the map below.
The National Museum of History of Moldova https://www.nationalmuseum.md/en/timetape/5000_dc_a_doua_jumatate_a_mil_vi/neolithic_age/
MUZEUL NAȚIONAL AL UNIRII DIN ALBA IULIA http://mnuai.ro
This article was written by Ilya Duchanin.