We already know something about Indo-European language of 4000-1000 BC but this period is the stage of a migration. Proto-Indo-European language was spreaded by it because migrated people know it. Let’s look at the map below.
Purple area is a area of the assumed Samara and Sredny Stog cultures and subsequent Yamna culture, red area marks settled up to 2500 BC area and orange area settled up to 1000 BC.
The main idea of Kurgan hypothesis is that it accepted wide Proto-Indo-European homeland from which Indo-European languages were spreaded throughout Europe and part of Asia. Purple area on the map marks the languages’ homeland.
As we can see, Kurgan culture influenced onto the main part of Europe and Turkey, Anatolian peninsula and so on. And it was the cause that Proto-Indo-European languages were common there. But stop! We are ready to talk about Anatolian hypothesis and to compare it with Kurgan theory.
Anatolian hypothesis suggests that inhabitants of Neolithic Anatolia spoke on Proto-Indo-European language and they gave it to the Europe. It is the conversational elements of the theory. If it was so, Sanskrit can’t be similar to the English and Italian and any other European languages because it means that migration divided to the two parts. The first part went to Europe and the second went to India. It contradicts with the showed fact about Sanskrit. Or other variant that migration didn’t went to India but only to Europe. It can be if Sanskrit and any other Asian languages don’t confirm similarities with the European ones. Then Sanskrit is as isolated Uralic languages and it hasn’t any similarities with European ones.
But let’s assume that all European languages were isolated in the past and they hadn’t relations with India. Results were that sounds of European languages have very clear differences with Sanskrit and Persian like Arabic language differs from Russian. But the differences aren’t so obvious. It means that Anatolian hypothesis gives not clear links between European languages and Sanskrit.
Bibliography, “A NEW STUDY: The Prehistory of Eastern Europe”, Dr. Jonas Puzinas
“Archaeology and Language: The Puzzle of Indo-European Origins”, Colin Renfrew
This article was written by Ilya Duchanin.