Germanic and Celtic languages

An examination of these two groups of languages is shown in this article and exploration of their differences and similarities is given here too but at first, what are languages of Germanic group.

Languages had some common ancestor and it is Proto-Germanic language which was used in the 1st millennium BC. Its modern state is shown here. All Germanic languages divide into three classes, the first one is West Germanic group of languages and the second is North Germanic group and the third is East Germanic group.

The West Germanic languages are the most widely spoken and they are English, German and Dutch. The last one has some similar sounds to English. A part of North Germanic languages are Swedish, Danish and Norwegian. The exploration was shown earlier than these ones which are less similar to English than West Germanic languages. Like North Germanic branch, East Germanic branch wasn’t formed any influence onto English and this group isn’t exist now.

Scandinavia was the birthplace of Germanic languages in the 1st millennium BC. The necessity to write here about Proto-Indo-European family of languages and anything about Grimm’s Law and strong stresses aren’t existed now.

German and English have more similar points by their linguistic characteristics than French and English which communicated closely during the Norman Invasion. And the last one is historical trait and the previous is linguistic one.

Celtic languages have a similar history because they are European languages but their location is at the southern part of Europe. Celtic languages are spoken in North-Western part of Europe from Ireland to Isle of Man.

Celtic divides into branches,

  • Lepontic;
  • Celtiberian;
  • Gallaecia;
  • Gaulish languages;
  • Brittonic;

This typology can confuse Brittonic group and British language for some man because the first one is a group of languages like Breton, Cornish and Welsh in which included Pictish and Cumbric. The second one is English and its dialects.

Below is shown a map that shows modern state of Celtic languages in Britain and Ireland.

15

Thanks to Wikipedia for this image.

Green area is Ireland and its Irish language, blue area is Scotland and its Scottish Gaelic language, dark yellow is the area of Isle of Man and its Manx language, red area is Wales and Welsh language, yellow is Cornwall and Cornish one and the last one is Brittany and its Breton language.

Celtic languages are spread widely in British island and Ireland. All of these dialects and languages communicate with British nowadays and were communicated with it.

This article was written by Ilya Duchanin.

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