Modern French and modern English

Modern French and modern English are the new objects of the theme because there are some similarities and differences which were hide by phonetics and sounds but the first trait of them are phonologies, the second are writing systems, the third is the History which was carried some common moments and the fourth is the common languages’ family (both of them are Indo-European).

French is a language of Italic subfamily but English is the language of German subfamily. That differences was formed by different historical ways and formed that they are the two absolute different languages and a common trait is their phonologies.. The series of consonant sounds is shown in the table below. The similarities and differences are shown there too.

Labial Dental / Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular
Nasal m n ɲ (ŋ)
Plosive p b t, d k, g
Fricative f, v s, z ʃ,ʒ x ʁ
Approximant l u, j w

The next table is a table of modern English consonant sounds.

Labial Dental Alveolar Post — alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p, b t, d k, g
Affricative tʃ, tʒ
Fricative f, v θ, ð s, z ʃ, ʒ h
Approximant l ɹ j w

Now the differences are shown in the table below. Those sounds are the sounds which don’t exist in the both of the languages but also at one of them. Of course, there is a necessity to find out a main language. English is a primary because this article uses this language as main. And the necessity is to know common sounds in them. There is the “Dental / Alveolar” sounds in French which don’t existed in English and they are similar to English “Alveolar” sounds as stop and plosive sounds are similar too.

Labial Dental Alveolar Post — alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Affricative tʃ, tʒ
Fricative θ, ð h
Approximant ɹ*

The sounds which exist in English but don’t exist in French are shown in the previous table.

They are θ, ð, tʃ, tʒ, ɹ* and h sounds. It is meaning that these truly English sounds constitute the 25 % of English sounds.

Those sounds are truly English as it is clear defines by the comparison. Anyway, the new way for knowing much more about Scandinavian, Norwegian and Dutch languages is formed above.

This article was written by Ilya Duchanin.

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